Presentation slides for  Steering Group Meeting and Regional Seminar is available under Resources 



About Bhutan

Bhutan (officially the Kingdom of Bhutan) is a constitutional democratic monarchy situated in South Asia. It is bordered by China to the north and India to the south, east and west. Thimphu is the capital of Bhutan and is also its largest city. 

Its landscape ranges from lush subtropical plains in the south to the sub-alpine Himalayan Mountains in the north, where there are peaks in excess of 7,000 meters (23,000 ft). The highest mountain in Bhutan is the Gangkhar Puensum. The economy of Bhutan is mainly driven by agriculture, hydropower and tourism. 

Facts and Figures

  • Land area: 38,394 square kilometres

  • Population: 757,042 (National Statistical Bureau)

  • Administrative Unit (Districts/Dzongkhags): 20 (Blocks/Gewogs): 205

  • Land area under forest cover: 80.89 % (Bhutan State of the Environment Report 2016)

  • Protected areas: 51.40%

  • Altitude: between 240 metres and 7541 metres above sea level

  • Currency: Ngultrum at par to Indian Rupee

  • Gross National Income (GNI): Nu. 111,307.4

  • GDP Per Capita (in Nu.): Nu. 159,394.3

  • National Language: official language “Dzongkha”, English widely spoken

  • National Sport: Archery

  • National Bird: Raven (Corvus Corax Tibetanus)

  • National Animal: Takin (Budorcas taxicolor)

  • National Tree: Cypress (Cupressus torolusa)

  • National Flower: Blue Poppy (Meconopsis Grandis)

  • Local time: GMT + 6

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